Historic Models

The vehicles that made Lancia great.

Industrial vehicles

THE CHASSIS ORIGINS

The small number of vans in circulation on the roads after WWI were for the most part military vehicles that had been converted for commercial use: the proverbial "war surplus".
In a civilisation which was still considerably farm-based, road transport for commercial or tourist use was almost non-existent. Yet with the spirit that drove his every decision, Vincenzo Lancia looked forward. The Trjota and Tetrajota models rolled out of the Lancia factory in 1921, their chassis outfitted by specialised companies to make lorries, coaches and buses.
Powered by the tried and tested four cylinder fitted on the Kappa and Dikappa, the two excellent lorries soon become popular in faraway and exotic markets.

LARGE-SIZE TRANSPORT

The importance of heavy transportation developed in Italy in step with development and improvement of the road network. The need for proper lorries was being felt, not just converted military vehicles, but easier to handle, capacious and powerful vehicles.
The Pentajota saw the light in 1924: with a wheelbase of 4.31 metres, a working surface of 7.77 square metres, a capacity of 53 quintals, it can be rightly considered as one of the first proper juggernauts. People were also beginning to move around for business, at least in the large cities. The city of Milan ordered bigger buses for city transport and Lancia supplied the Esajota in 1926. In pure Lancia style, it featured an innovation which was subsequently used by the entire sector: shaped sidemembers which allowed the floor level to be lowered and therefore make it easier for passengers to get on and off.

THE LANCIA OMICRON

The Omicron was one of the longest-lasting vehicles in the history of transport. It all started in 1927, as a project for bus chassis. Its versatility made it ideal for unusual outfits, such as double-decker buses or the sleeping car version used on the route across the Sahara desert between Algeria and Sudan. The Omicron was immediately a great success, also thanks to the convenience of the brake servo. It was initially fitted with an exceptionally robust 6-cylinder in-line 7060 cc and 91.5 HP engine, which was then replaced by diesel engines which were cheaper in terms of fuel consumption.
Diesel engines made by Lancia also went on to be used for the lorries in the RO series and its evolutions, the RO-RO and 3RO. In 1942, industrial vehicle production moved to the Bolzano plant. Production continued with the Esatau and the Esadelta, which were used as buses and site vehicles, and it ended in 1969 with production of the Esagamma. Lancia's path in the world of industrial vehicles is the looking glass reflecting an Italy and an era in which even a housemaid travelling on the bus or a lorry driver could proudly pronounce "I travel by Lancia" just like the people who had hired them.

  • THE CHASSIS ORIGINS
  • LARGE-SIZE TRANSPORT
  • THE LANCIA OMICRON
Lancia Automobiles - FCA Italy S.p.A. - P.I. 07973780013