Lancia: WLTP and RDE
tests to certify
against consumption,
CO₂ and pollutant emissions.

In order to be placed on the market, passenger cars carry out a series of tests to verify their compliance with regulations. These tests to assess fuel consumption, CO2 and pollutant emissions are carried out in the laboratory and are based on specific driving cycles. In this way, the tests are reproducible and the results comparable. This is important because only a laboratory test, which follows a standardized and repeatable procedure, allows consumers to compare different car models.
On 1 September 2017, the new Worldwide harmonised Light-duty vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) came into force and will gradually replace the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) protocol.

The NEDC cycle

It has been the European driving cycle used so far for the measurement of fuel consumption and emissions from passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The first European driving cycle came into force in 1970 and referred to an urban route. In 1992 it was also considered to be an extra-urban phase and since 1997 it has also been used for measuring consumption and CO2 emissions. However, the composition of this cycle is no longer consistent with current driving modes and distances travelled on different types of roads. The average speed of the NEDC is only 34 km/h, accelerations are low and the maximum speed is only 120 km/h.

The WLTP Procedure

WLTP uses new Worldwide harmonised Light duty vehicles Test Cycles (WLTC) to measure fuel consumption, CO2 and pollutant emissions from passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The new protocol aims to provide customers with more realistic data, better reflecting the daily use of the vehicle.

The WLTP Procedure

The new WLTP procedure is characterized by a more dynamic driving profile with more significant acceleration. The maximum speed increases from 120 to 131.3 km/h, the average speed is 46.5 km/h and the total cycle time is 30 minutes, 10 minutes more than the previous NEDC. The distance travelled doubles from 11 to 23.25 kilometers. The WLTP test consists of four parts depending on the maximum speed: Low (up to 56.5 km/h), Medium (up to 76.6 km/h), High (up to 97.4 km/h), Extra-high (up to 131.3 km/h). These parts of the cycle simulate urban and suburban driving and driving on extra-urban roads and motorways. The procedure also takes into account all vehicle’s optional contents that affect aerodynamics, rolling resistance and vehicle mass, resulting in a CO2 value that reflects the characteristics of the single vehicle.

COMPARING NEDC – WLTP

NEDC WLTP
Cycle time 20 minutes 30 minutes
Distance 11 KM 23,25 KM
Maximum speed 120 KM/H 131,3 KM/H
Average speed 34 km/h 46.5 KM/H
Driving phases 2 phases 4 more dynamic phases
Influence of optional
equipment
Not considered Additional features
(which can differ per car)
are taken into account
Gear shifts Fixed gear shift point Different gear shift point for each vehicles
Stop time 24% 12,5%

Speed vs Time Graph

Lancia follows the transition from NEDC tp WLTP.

The WLTP procedure will gradually replace the NEDC procedure. The WLTP applies to new passenger car models from 1 September 2017, to new passenger cars registered from 1 September 2018 and is mandatory for all EU Member States.
Until the end of 2020, both fuel consumption and CO2 emission values in WLTP and NEDC will be present in the vehicle documents. Indeed, NEDC values will be used to assess the average emissions of cars registered in the EU up to 2020. In addition, some countries may continue to use these data for fiscal purposes. From 2021 onwards, WLTP data will be the only consumption/CO2 emission values for all cars. Used vehicles will not be affected by this step and will maintain their certified NEDC values.

Lancia knows the difference between road and labaoratories. The consumption and emissions of vehicles on the roads.

The new WLTP test procedure is more representative of current driving conditions than the NEDC procedure but it cannot take into account all possible cases including the effect of driving style that is specific to each individual driver.
Therefore, there will still be a difference between emissions and consumption measured in the laboratory and those resulting from the use of the vehicle in the real world, and the extent of this difference will depend on factors such as driving behavior, the use of on-board systems (e. g. air conditioning), traffic and weather conditions that are characteristic of each geographical area and each driver.
For this reason, only a standardized laboratory test allows to obtain values with which it is possible to compare vehicles and different models in a fair way.